Postgraduate Medical Education in the USA

After graduating from high medical school, a student takes the United States Medical Licensing Exam (USMLE). This exam is multi-level.

USMLE Step 1 is a computer test, consisting of questions on the subjects of the first two years of medical school. USMLE Step 2 is divided into two stages. Clinical Knowledge is a computer test with questions on the subjects of the last two years of medical school. Clinical Skills is a practical exam in which actors play the role of patients with various diseases and conditions. This exam is paid and is held on certain dates.

Postgraduate Education Process

After successfully completing the first two USMLE levels, to become real doctors, students must pass an internship in the chosen specialty. For each specialty, an internship lasts a certain number of years depending on the complexity of the chosen profession (therapy takes 3 years, various types of surgery can take from 5 to 9 years). The internship is for the most successful students, who have not only passed their exams perfectly but also were engaged in scientific activities and helped in hospitals in their spare time.

During the internship, young doctors pass internal exams in their discipline, and after the internship, they take USMLE Step 3. After passing the last level of USMLE, interns receive a license due to which they are officially considered practicing physicians and can work in the specialty throughout the United States.

Some specialties, such as neonatology, oncology, cardiology, require additional training, which is called fellowship. This training lasts another 2-4 years. Thus, medical training in the United States lasts at least 11 years. If a medical practitioner decides to change their specialization or choose a narrower specialization, then they also enter a fellowship and go through the whole course with the other students.

What to Do If You Are a Foreign Specialist?

A foreign trained medical doctor must confirm their qualification and obtain a license for medical practice if they want to continue to work in their profession. This can be done in two ways.

The first way is to enter higher medical school. That is, having a foreign diploma, you can skip the general four-year training. Also, having a transcript of an academic record book in hand, one can go through a simplified training program at medical school. For example, if the subject “Pathological Anatomy” lasted 48 hours at your medical university, and during this time you passed 2 tests and 1 exam, and at the American university this subject is given only 24 hours and 1 test, then you do not have to take a course of pathological anatomy. However, not all US medical schools accept foreign students. It is necessary to examine in detail the site of each university separately to learn about this opportunity.

Another way is to confirm your diploma and get a place in the postgraduate training program. However, in this case, the candidate will have to independently prepare for the exams.

Medical Education in the USA

Higher medical education in the United States is one of the most prestigious, and the doctor is one of the most respected, highly paid and privileged occupations. However, medical education in North America is very different from similar in other countries, including the learning process and cost. Training for a medic is a responsible matter, the life and health of other people depends on your actions, this is not an international dating website to do.

What Medical School to Choose?

In 1876, the Association of American Medical Colleges was founded in Washington. Its tasks include the improvement of health care and the organization of medical care through innovative medical education, advanced patient care and innovative research in the field of medicine. AAMC includes 145 American and 17 Canadian universities accredited in the field of medicine, about 400 large clinical hospitals and more than 80 scientific communities.

Traditionally, the best medical schools are universities belonging to the Ivy League.

  • Harvard University
  • Yale University
  • Columbia University
  • University of Pennsylvania

However, the following universities are of good standing as well.

  • Johns Hopkins University
  • Stanford University
  • University of California and others.

Educational Process

After graduating from a secondary school, a graduate will not be able to immediately apply to the university for a medical specialty. Before that, they should get a bachelor’s degree in any discipline, which are as close to medicine as possible. It can be chemistry, biology, ecology or even environmental protection. Usually, such training, called pre-medical study, lasts 4 years. Similar programs are offered by various colleges across the country. After a four-year of pre-med program, a student takes the MCAT (Medical College Admission Test), after which they can apply to the medical university. Of course, each university has its own additional criteria for the selection of students, but absolutely everyone must pass the MCAT.

In the USA, there are no just medical universities, students apply to regular universities, accredited in the field of medicine (higher medical schools). Since there are not many such universities in the country, the competition is quite big in them. Upon admission, preference is mainly given to applicants who are residents of the state. Besides, a high score obtained in high school as well as during the period of studies for a bachelor’s degree is of great importance.

In higher medical school, the student is studying for another four years. The first two years pass exclusively in the classes. Students attend lectures, practical classes in general subjects: anatomy, biochemistry, physiology, and others. Clinical practice in hospitals begins with the third year of study. Students visit the hospital where they first meet with patients. Practical classes are divided into modules. Each module lasts from six to eight weeks and includes practice in one of the departments: surgery, therapy, pediatrics, and others. The fourth year also takes place in a hospital, but now students can spend more time in those departments that are of the most interest.

How, Where and When to Start Preparation for Medical Entrance Exams

Every year, thousands of students passing out Class 12 examination appear for the medical entrance test in India to achieve their dream of becoming a doctor. However, with the number of aspirants increasing every year, only students who are well prepared and have the ability to handle pressure have an edge to perform better in medical entrance exams.
Medical entrance examinations are hard to crack. They require a lot of focus, deep analysis of theory and expert practical work. Amid all these, it is not surprising to feel nervous and under tremendous pressure. However, the key success mantra is to calm yourself as you prepare for your entrance exam. Start preparing by self relaxation. Experts at Plancess have designed a comprehensive guide to help you prepare for medical entrance exams.



We have outlined a time table to make exam preparation easy for you. At the same time, you can be assured of time management.

If you are taking tuition or coaching to prepare for medical entrance exam, your preparation time schedule should be like this –

  • Study each subject for at least 2 hours every day. You have the flexibility to adjust the time as per your comfort. You can divide the time spent on each subject as 1 hour in the morning and 1 hour in the evening
  • Spend at least 1 hour in solving last few year’s question papers for each subject
  • Take some rest after studying for 1-2 hours to keep yourself fresh and active. This will also help you to focus on your studies again

If you are not taking any coaching classes or tuition, increase your study time for each subject to at least 3 hours every day. Solve as many test papers as possible


For AIPMT preparation or other medical entrance exams, you have to study Physics, Chemistry, Biology, English and General Knowledge thoroughly. It is imperative to concentrate more on Biology, particularly on all the topics related to Botany, Zoology, Ecology, Biomolecules, Animalia and Plantae, Biotechnology, Biomedical Techniques and Physiology. AIPMT syllabus encompasses everything that you have studied in CBSE/ICSE Class XI and Class XII.

For Physics, Kinematics, Laws of Motion Electrostatistics, Magnetic effects of Current and Modern Physics are good chapters to study. For Chemistry, you must be well prepared in Physical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, Coordination Chemistry and P Block Chemistry.


  • Sure Success by Ramgopal
  • NCERT Chemistry
  • Fundamental of Physics by David Halliday
  • NCERT Biology Classes XI and XII
  • Physiology and Biochemistry by Salisbury and Ross or Fritz and Noggle

Trueman’s Biology Volume 1 and Volume 2 are also one of the best reference books for AIPMT.


  • Be positive and confident
  • Do not rush through your subjects; be calm and concentrate
  • Properly plan your time
  • Refer to right books and study materials
  • Solve last few years test papers
  • Set daily targets and try to achieve them
  • Eat well, sleep properly and stay healthy


The All India Pre-Medical Examination (AIPMT) is usually held in April or May. Other state and institute level medical entrance examinations are conducted in the months of May and June. All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) MBBS examination is generally conducted in the first week of June, while CMC Vellore’s MBBS entrance examination is held in the month of May. National level examinations are also conducted around May – June.

The beginning of Class 11 is considered the best time to start preparing for medical entrance examination. This is because the syllabus is vast and preparing thoroughly for the exam needs time.


  • Offline coaching: There are several premier coaching institutes in India that offer offline classes to prepare for different medical entrance exams. It is still considered the best mode of studying and learning.
  • Online coaching: If you want to prepare for your exam at home and make the most use of limited time available, online coaching classes are the ideal option.

Kindly use the comment box below to share your comments & queries.

Preparation For Medical Entrance Examination

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To become a dermatologist you must decide that it is what you want to do from a pretty young age. Years of education are required before you can become qualified. In high school it is important to have very high grades. Good grades will increase your chances of acceptance from top dermatologist schools. Math and Science serve as the most beneficial courses when pursuing a job in dermatology. To be considered for medical school, your undergraduate degree should be in a related area. To improve the probability of a positive review, you should focus on receiving optimum marks in your undergraduate course. Most med schools will require you to complete a entrance exam in an effort to qualify yourself for enrollment in their course. Before acceptance from the medical school you have applied to, you can expect to participate in interviews that can help them determine whether you are a good match with their course. For those who are successful in your application to medical school, the next Four years will be invested learning the expertise and tactics essential for a productive position inside the medical field. At first, you will spend your first year out of medical school at an apprenticeship position at a clinic. This can allow for hands on experience in the field. You’ll work with expert dermatologists and increase your talent. After the apprenticeship, you can sign up with a post degree residency program at a specialized program for dermatologists. Getting a spot inside a post degree residency program is among the most saturated part of becoming a dermatologist. Be sure to get the highest achievable academic scores, in an effort to get a advantageous position when selection time happens. If you can locate a place within a post degree residency program, you are going to devote another 3 years applying the skills employed by the professionals inside the profession.

5 powerful study tips for medical entrance test

Each year, thousands of students passing out of Std. XII write the medical entrance test in India, out of which only a few hundred are able to achieve their goal. If you are a youngster trying out your luck this year, you must know a few facts about medical entrance test preparations.In India, you can choose to write any of the all India medical entrance exams such as PMT, MH-CET and JIPMER. The way you prepare for the exam matters a lot. The syllabus for the entrance test is drawn from CBSE for Class XI and XII. However, you can crack the exam if you know how to prepare meticulously and thoroughly.The way you prepare for papers like Biology, Chemistry, Physics, English and Reasoning will determine your success. The best medical entrance test coaching centre in India will equip students with the necessary skills and knowledge needed to clear the medical entrance exam.These centres will give a lot of essential tips to students. For instance, in order to perform optimally, it is imperative to focus more on Biology, especially on topics related to Biomedical Techniques, Biotechnology and Physiology.Like most professional entrance tests, medical entrance tests too are designed in the multiple-choice format. The most challenging section in these exams is the way you tackle the Reasoning-Assertion segment.Here are 5 powerful study tips for medical entrance test preparations:

Managing your time – It goes without saying that any challenging exam needs you to focus on optimum time management. Scheduling your priorities is essential as this is the only way you can remain on track as you prepare for the most important exam of your life. You must realise that each second of your life matters while you prepare for your medical entrance exams as any reputed medical entrance test coaching centre in India will tell you.

No studying from ‘suggestion notes’ – When you clear the medical exam and study in a medical school, you are basically prepared to handle the lives of other human beings. This makes it a strong reason for you to study well and get your basics right. Like entrance exams in other fields, there are no shortcuts here. All India Medical Entrances expect students to thoroughly revise NCERT text books of biology and chemistry in order to grasp the basics.

Previous test papers will give you a strong clue – As far as the paper pattern goes, there is no significant change every year. By solving test papers of earlier years, you can get a clear idea about the pattern to expect. Also, it is necessary to know how to identify changing trends in the past and prepare accordingly.

Eliminating fear and stress is the first step to success – One of the major prerequisites for medical entrance test preparations is to completely eliminate fear as this is a major obstacle. With the help of techniques such as meditation and yoga, you should face your fears and continue practising topics you are not confident about.

Anxiety will take you nowhere – Even if you are the brightest student writing the medical entrance that year, you may not succeed if you suffer from anxiety. It takes but some minor adjustments in your outlook to convert anxiety into excitement and positive thinking. Eliminating nervousness and anxiety will also help you focus clearly during your medical entrance test preparations. A little professional help goes a long way in helping you succeed. Professional consultants at The Chopras will guide you in the right direction and help you crack the medical entrance test. Contact The Chopras today for more information and guidance.